The HighScope Infant-Toddler Curriculum is a part of HighScope’s complete, research-based system of early childhood education and care.
Infant-Toddler Key Developmental Indicators (KDIs)
A. Approaches to Learning
Initiative: Children express initiative.
Problem solving: Children solve problems encountered in exploration and play.
Self-help: Children do things for themselves.
B. Social and Emotional Development
Distinguishing self and others: Children distinguish themselves from others.
Attachment: Children form an attachment to a primary caregiver.
Relationships with adults: Children build relationships with other adults.
Relationships with peers: Children build relationships with peers.
Emotions: Children express emotions.
Empathy: Children show empathy toward the feelings and needs of others.
Playing with others: Children play with others.
Group participation: Children participate in group routines.
C. Physical Development and Health
Moving parts of the body: Children move parts of the body (turning head, grasping, kicking).
Moving the whole body: Children move the whole body (rolling, crawling, cruising, walking, running, balancing).
Moving with objects: Children move with objects.
Steady beat: Children feel and experience steady beat.
D. Communication, Language, and Literacy
Listening and responding: Children listen and respond.
Nonverbal communication: Children communicate nonverbally.
Two-way communication: Children participate in two-way communication.
Speaking: Children speak.
Exploring print: Children explore picture books and magazines.
Enjoying language: Children enjoy stories, rhymes, and songs.
E. Cognitive Development
Exploring objects: Children explore objects with their hands, feet, mouth, eyes, ears, and nose.
Object permanence: Children discover object permanence.
Exploring same and different: Children explore and notice how things are the same or different.
Exploring more: Children experience “more.”
One-to-one correspondence: Children experience one-to-one correspondence.
Number: Children experience the number of things.
Locating objects: Children explore and notice the location of objects.
Filling and emptying: Children fill and empty, put in and take out.
Taking apart and putting together: Children take things apart and fit them together.
Seeing from different viewpoints: Children observe people and things from various perspectives.
Anticipating events: Children anticipate familiar events.
Time intervals: Children notice the beginning and ending of time intervals.
Speed: Children experience “fast” and “slow.”
Cause and effect: Children repeat an action to make something happen again, experience cause and effect.
F. Creative Arts
Imitating and pretending: Children imitate and pretend.
Exploring art materials: Children explore building and art materials.
Identifying visual images: Children respond to and identify pictures and photographs.
Listening to music: Children listen to music.
Responding to music: Children respond to music.
Sounds: Children explore and imitate sounds.
Vocal pitch: Children explore vocal pitch sounds.